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NEI News

Object motion and amacrine cells in retina

When we move our head, the whole visual world moves across our eyes. Yet we can still make out a bee buzzing by or a hawk flying overhead, thanks to unique cells in the eye called object motion sensors.

Posted on Aug 31, 2015
NIH study raises doubt about any benefits omega-3 and dietary supplements like these may have for cognitive decline. (Photo courtesy of NEI)

While some research suggests that a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids can protect brain health, a large clinical trial by researchers at the National Institutes of Health found that omega-3 supplements did not slow cognitive decline in older persons.

Posted on Aug 25, 2015
Microbiota in the gut activate T cells that are able to recognize retinal proteins. These activated T cells then migrate through the bloodstream to the eye, where they cause the inflammatory response associated with autoimmune uveitis.

The inflammatory eye disorder autoimmune uveitis occurs when a person’s immune system goes awry, attacking proteins in the eye. What spurs this response is a mystery, but now a study on mice suggests that bacteria in the gut may provide a kind of training ground for immune cells to attack the eye.

Posted on Aug 18, 2015

Budget and Congress

The NEI budget is approximately $675 million (FY2014). The NEI budget requests are submitted to Congress with other NIH institutes as part of the President’s budget request in February. See our Congressional Justifications.