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NIH study raises doubt about any benefits omega-3 and dietary supplements like these may have for cognitive decline. (Photo courtesy of NEI)

While some research suggests that a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids can protect brain health, a large clinical trial by researchers at the National Institutes of Health found that omega-3 supplements did not slow cognitive decline in older persons.

Posted on Aug 25, 2015
Microbiota in the gut activate T cells that are able to recognize retinal proteins. These activated T cells then migrate through the bloodstream to the eye, where they cause the inflammatory response associated with autoimmune uveitis.

The inflammatory eye disorder autoimmune uveitis occurs when a person’s immune system goes awry, attacking proteins in the eye. What spurs this response is a mystery, but now a study on mice suggests that bacteria in the gut may provide a kind of training ground for immune cells to attack the eye.

Posted on Aug 18, 2015
Mice with AQP0 mutations (top) had disorderly fiber cells compared to mice with healthy AQP0.

Loss or defects of a protein previously shown to play a key a role in cataract, the clouding of the lens that commonly strikes people in their seventies, has now been shown to contribute to presbyopia, the forty-something phenomenon when reading a menu by candlelight and threading a needle become newfound challenges

Posted on Aug 4, 2015

Budget and Congress

The NEI budget is approximately $675 million (FY2014). The NEI budget requests are submitted to Congress with other NIH institutes as part of the President’s budget request in February. See our Congressional Justifications.