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Infographic on Age-related Macular Degeneration
Protect Your Eyes
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Facts and Prevention Tips
AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in the U.S. It destroys the macula, the part of the eye that provides sharp, central vision needed for seeing objects clearly.
2.1 million people in the U.S. have AMD
- 89% White
- 5% Black
- 4% Hispanic
- 2% other
As the population ages, the number of case is expected to increase:
- 2010 2.1M
- 2030 3.7M
- 2050 5.4M
AMD Risk Factors
- Being over age 50
- White race
- Family history of AMD
Reduce Your Risk
- Avoid smoking
- Exercise regularly
- Maintain normal blood pressure and cholesterol
- Eat a healthy diet that include green leafy veggies and fish
The Bottom Line
Early detection is important. If you are over age 60, get a dilated eye exam at least once a year.
Note: Prevalence estimates are on late AMD, involving neovascular AMD and geographic atrophy.
Source: National Eye Institute, NIH, 2013