Vision Screening for Children (age 5 and under)
Increase the proportion of preschool children aged 5 years and under who receive vision screening.
Many vision problems begin well before children reach school. Every effort must be made to ensure that, before they reach age 5 years, children receive a screening exam from their health care provider. Early recognition of disease results in more effective treatment that can be sight saving or even life saving.
Baseline: 36 percent of children aged 5 years and under had ever had their vision screened in 2002.
Target: 52 percent of children aged 5 years and under.
Target setting method: Better than the best.
Data source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Operational definition: This is a valuable tool that allows individuals to set measurable Healthy Vision objectives for their own communities.
|Children age 5 years and under||Percentage of People|
|Race and ethnicity|
|American Indian or Alaska Native only||DSU|
|Asian or Pacific Islander only||DNA|
|Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only||DSU|
|Black or African American only||43%|
|2 or more races||48%|
|American Indian or Alaska Native; White||DSU|
|Black or African American; White||51%|
|Hispanic or Latino||33%|
|Non Hispanic or Latino||37%|
|Black or African American only, not Hisp/Latino||43%|
|White only, not Hispanic or Latino||36%|
|Family income level|
|Persons with disabilities||64%|
|Persons without disabilities||35%|
DNA = Data have not been analyzed.
DNC = Data for specific population are not collected.
DSU = Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.
|Operational definition for objective: 28-2|
|28-2.||Increase the proportion of preschool children aged 5 years and under who receive vision screening.|
|National Data Source||National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC, NCHS.|
|State Data Source||Not identified.|
|Healthy People 2000 Objective||Not applicable.|
|Numerator||Number of children aged 5 years and under who have ever had their vision tested.|
|Denominator||Number of children aged 5 years and under.|
|Population Targeted||U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population.|
|Questions Used To Obtain the National Data||From the 2002 National Health Interview Survey:
> Has [childs's name] EVER had [his/her] vision tested by a doctor or other health professional?
All children who were reported to have everhad their vision tested by a doctor or otherhealth professional (a response of "yes" tothe above question) were considered to havemet the criteria for this objective.
For some measures, data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality and have been suppressed. Information on suppression of data for the major Healthy People 2010 data systems has been published in a Healthy People Statistical Note report (Klein, R.; Proctor, S.; Boudreault, M.; Turczyn, K. Healthy People 2010 Statistical Notes No. 24. 2002).
See Part C for a description of NHIS and Appendix A for focus area contact information. All referenced "Parts" and "Appendices" can be found in Tracking Healthy People 2010.